Hepatic cyst is also known as liver cyst. This kind of cyst is nothing but a thin wall of bubble or cavity. It may or may not contain fluid. There are various causes that may lead to hepatic cyst. The symptoms will depend upon the cause of the cyst. In most of the cases, this kind of medical condition is traced when tests are done for other purposes. The life expectancy of the person is not affected as the cyst is benign in nature in most of the cases. There is a possibility that cysts might become larger or get infected. The treatment will be initiated based on the exact cause. In most of the cases, the cysts will disappear on their own. Hence, no treatment is required.
What are the hepatic cyst symptoms?
The symptoms of hepatic cyst cannot be traced in most of the cases. The liver will be enlarged when it is severe and it will happen in some patients. There will be pain in the abdomen, bile duct and it is possible to notice the obstruction of bile duct as well. The cyst will be infected when there is an obstruction in the duct.
What are the causes?
There are not known causes for the development of cysts. Some cysts might form at the time of birth. These cysts might be developed due to the abnormalities noticed at the fetal stage. The other factors that influence the formation of cyst include Echinococcosis, Polycystic Kidney Disease, Caroli’s disease, Congenital hepatic fibrosis, Choledochal cysts.
The risk factor will be high if you have one or more of the diseases that are listed above.
Diagnosis and treatment
In most of the patients, the disease is revealed when tests are conducted for other purposes. Hence, the cysts are found by chance. Other tests are performed so that the disease can be confirmed. The possible tests that are conducted to figure out hepatic cyst include CT scan and ultrasound of the liver. In order to attempt a better treatment, it is very much important to rule out the possible factors that might affect the cyst. In order to get an accurate picture, a biopsy might be suggested for some patients.
As the cysts will disappear or heal themselves in most of the cases, there will not be any specific treatment. In most of the cases, they are benign. No specific therapy is also needed. If there are no problems with the presence of cysts, they can be removed through surgery. The treatment is initiated based on the exact cause of the cyst. If the cyst is formed due to the presence of some other factor, medication will be given to rule out such kind of possibility. If the cysts are infected, they should be removed through surgical procedure. However, antibiotics will be given to treat the infection. The complications that might arise due to the presence of cysts will include pain in the abdomen, bile dust obstruction, abdominal swelling and liver enlargement. There is no way to prevent the formation of hepatic cyst.